"Sanctuary" is a concern embedded in the "collective unconscious," a term coined by the psychologist Carl Jung for archaic, archetypal psychic structures inherent in the human mind rather than those based on the experiences of one's personal life. "Sanctuary" embodies hope and refuge in response to fear and loss—here seen through the lens of time.

Sanctuary can be as obvious as the site of religious pilgrimage (Madonna at Midnight) or an island castle protected by stone walls and water (Highlander Retreat). Sanctuary can also be found in the solace of community (The Race). A sanctuary can be violated, and the ruin remains as a witness (Last Refugee—1244). Death can be either a gain or loss of sanctuary. In Eternal Vigil, the graves are attended by surviving loved ones. The tower, the tree, and the low-lying clouds are themselves symbols of celestial watchfulness. The journey (Begin, Walk On) can be the active search for sanctuary that over time can be gained or lost. Paradise (or the Garden of Eden) is the ultimate sanctuary. In Paradise Lost, humans have been expelled—and replaced by the birds, who represent freedom in their ability to fly. The powerful light of hope illuminates the tree of life and the hope of restoration.

I chose the palladium process and the translucent vellum paper to emphasize the timeless nature of the theme of this portfolio.

Madonna at Midnight (Rocamadour, the Dordogne, France)Last Refuge—1244 (Château Montségur, France)Escape from Freedom (Monastery at Meteora, Greece)Devouring Sea (Cliffs of Moher, County Clare, Ireland)Odin! (Glendalough, Wicklow Mountains, Ireland)Duel in Dubrovnik (Dubrovnik, Croatia)Bridge of Sorrows (Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina)The Fire This Time (Carcassone, France)Highlander Retreat (Eilean Donan Castle, Scottish Highlands, UK)Camelot (Kilchurn Castle, Lock Awe, Scottish Highlands, UK)Heaven's Gate (St. John at Kaneo, Lake Orhid, Rep. of N. MacedoniaCeltic Treasure (Rock of Cashel, County Tipperary, Ireland)Eternal Vigil (Hill of Slane, Ireland)Dark Side of the Moon (Rose Valley, Cappadocia, Turkey)A Time to Every Purpose (Uchisar, Cappadocia, Turkey)Blue Mosque in Black and White (Istanbul, Turkey)Corner Office (Yellow Steeple, Trim Abbey, Ireland)Jacob's Ladder (Hotel DelaCoste, Pezenas, France)Stairway to Heaven (Rector's Palace, Dubrovnik, Croatia)Written in Stone (Ilhara Valley, Turkey)Earth Mother (Orta San Giulio, Italy)Wallflower (Brugges, Belgium)Cloistered (Begijnhof, Brugges, Belgium)The Race (Piazzo del Campo, Siena, Italy)Living on the Edge (Dubrovnik, Croatia)As Above, So Below (Tarn Gorges, France)Olympus (Dolomite Moutains, Italy)Begin, Walk On (Sella Pass, Dolomite Mountains, Italy)Magic Mountain (Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy)Escher's Pool (near Glencoe, Scotland, UK)Primordial Pond (Inverewe Garden, Scotland, UK)The Gathered (Geithorn, the Netherlands)Pas de Deux (Connemara National Park, County Galway, Ireland)Paradise Lost (Minnewater Lake, Brugges, Belgium)